Threat vectors are means through which cyber-criminals gain access to your server. Phishing, malware, ransomware, and stolen credentials are all considered to be threat vectors. Each of these paths has a specific vulnerability for us to focus on. For instance, access through compromised credentials is often the result of human error, whereas malware spread typically happens due to a poorly secured network.
Ransomware relies on a weak point in either the individual using the system or the network itself. The malware infects individuals and organizations by preventing them from accessing their critical files. Victims only gain access to their data after they agree to pay a ransom to the cyber-criminal responsible for the malware.
Considering that organizations have paid up to $40 million in ransom to regain access to their documents, it is crucial to learn about the top three threat vectors for ransomware so that you can take preventive measures.
Compromised Credentials via Phishing
Phishing has become the most common threat vector for ransomware. This technique exploits vulnerabilities by directing the user to a fake website using links or email attachments. The webpage, which appears to be credible, asks the user to fill in their credentials.
The hackers then use the credentials to access the user’s system and install malware on them. In some cases, the users are directed to a website that automates a drive-by download, where a user may unwittingly download malicious software.
Unprotected Remote Desktop Protocols (RDPs)
Affordable and unprotected RDP ports make it relatively easy for cyber-criminals to access a system or network. Most users don’t implement a strong password protocol, making their systems vulnerable to cyber attacks. Moreover, RDP credentials are also sold on the dark web for as low as $3.
Once the attackers have access to a system, they can move past the endpoint protection and encrypt or block access to all of your critical files until the ransom is paid.
Unprotected software programs pave the way for malware intrusions. If your software programs are not properly patched, the attackers can access the system without the need for credentials using backdoors and other exploits. Following this, they can easily plant malware in endpoints to encrypt or steal data files.
Unprotected servers set the stage for ransomware. If you’re looking for ways to safeguard your system from this malicious cyber attack, explore the line of security solutions provided by DataLocker.